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Balochi, Balochistan, Pakistan

Study statistics

Loci
22 Autosomal STRs
Allele type
Unknown
Sample size
201
Location
Balochistan, Pakistan
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Bibliographic information

Date published
Nov. 1, 2022
Title
Genetic Data of 22 Autosomal STR Loci in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Gilgit Baltistan Population of Pakistan Using PowerPlex® Fusion System
Authors
Muhammad Shafique, Namra Sajid, Yasir Aziz, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Shahzad, Abida Shehzadi, Saliha Bashir, Shakeela Daud, and Ahmad Ali Shahid
Journal
Legal Medicine
Abstract

In this study we have provided forensic genetic data of 22 autosomal STRs for Pakhtun, Balochi and Balti population of Pakistan in total of 601 samples. Among these loci, Penta E was found the most discriminatory in all groups and allele 15 was observed most frequent at D22S1045 in Balti whereas in other two populations allele 8 was more common at TPOX. The combined power of discrimination, combined power of exclusion and the combined matching probability was calculated as 0.999999999999999999999999998385, 0.999999988089728 and 1.615 × 10-27 respectively. Based on population differentiation test, significant differences were observed when compared with other populations however, phylogenetic analysis revealed close genetic associations among Pakistani Populations.

Forensic parameters

Forensic parameters for each locus as reported by the authors.
Locus # MP PI Hobs Hexp PIC PD PE HWE
CSF1PO - 0.137 1.621 0.692 0.711 0.658 0.863 0.415 0.162
D10S1248 - 0.087 2.010 0.751 0.775 0.738 0.913 0.512 0.723
D12S391 - 0.040 3.589 0.861 0.859 0.844 0.960 0.716 0.182
D13S317 - 0.086 2.393 0.791 0.784 0.754 0.914 0.583 0.230
D16S539 - 0.079 1.971 0.746 0.785 0.755 0.921 0.503 0.413
D18S51 - 0.028 2.956 0.831 0.882 0.870 0.972 0.657 0.068
D19S433 - 0.057 2.393 0.791 0.822 0.800 0.943 0.583 0.137
D1S1656 - 0.027 4.020 0.876 0.893 0.883 0.973 0.746 0.019
D21S11 - 0.042 3.242 0.846 0.854 0.837 0.958 0.687 0.282
D22S1045 - 0.129 1.478 0.662 0.715 0.678 0.871 0.372 0.005
D2S1338 - 0.028 3.589 0.861 0.882 0.870 0.972 0.716 0.902
D2S441 - 0.119 1.478 0.662 0.713 0.678 0.881 0.372 0.518
D3S1358 - 0.074 1.827 0.726 0.792 0.760 0.926 0.470 0.039
D5S818 - 0.101 1.861 0.731 0.756 0.718 0.899 0.478 0.045
D7S820 - 0.069 2.513 0.801 0.809 0.782 0.931 0.601 0.031
D8S1179 - 0.053 2.138 0.766 0.829 0.807 0.947 0.538 0.105
FGA - 0.029 3.141 0.841 0.879 0.866 0.971 0.677 0.583
Penta D - 0.054 2.716 0.816 0.828 0.806 0.946 0.629 0.676
Penta E - 0.021 4.370 0.886 0.903 0.895 0.979 0.766 0.887
TH01 - 0.065 2.284 0.781 0.823 0.798 0.935 0.564 0.000
TPOX - 0.176 1.500 0.667 0.666 0.615 0.824 0.379 0.009
vWA - 0.062 2.010 0.751 0.808 0.782 0.938 0.512 0.253

Allele frequencies

CSF1PO D10S1248 D12S391 D13S317 D16S539 D18S51 D19S433 D1S1656 D21S11 D22S1045 D2S1338 D2S441 D3S1358 D5S818 D7S820 D8S1179 FGA Penta D Penta E TH01 TPOX vWA
4 0.007
5 0.055 0.002
6 0.015 0.002 0.197
7 0.03 0.01 0.107 0.182
8 0.167 0.037 0.012 0.179 0.025 0.015 0.007 0.184 0.475
8.2 0.002
9 0.01 0.067 0.139 0.005 0.005 0.085 0.082 0.002 0.269 0.025 0.231 0.095
9.3 0.127
10 0.271 0.057 0.109 0.02 0.012 0.005 0.002 0.224 0.002 0.129 0.219 0.201 0.147 0.095 0.037 0.072
10.2 0.002
11 0.376 0.01 0.321 0.341 0.027 0.015 0.137 0.209 0.002 0.46 0.005 0.328 0.264 0.055 0.199 0.177 0.022 0.303
11.2 0.002
11.3 0.005 0.052
12 0.264 0.015 0.261 0.216 0.082 0.03 0.095 0.005 0.072 0.002 0.308 0.179 0.097 0.109 0.134 0.005 0.037
12.2 0.012
13 0.065 0.214 0.002 0.085 0.139 0.092 0.276 0.095 0.005 0.042 0.02 0.129 0.032 0.206 0.149 0.082 0.005 0.015
13.2 0.012 0.025
14 0.007 0.284 0.007 0.042 0.015 0.194 0.249 0.117 0.09 0.002 0.122 0.087 0.017 0.236 0.002 0.062 0.04 0.085
14.2 0.047
15 0.002 0.234 0.002 0.002 0.169 0.159 0.169 0.448 0.005 0.022 0.279 0.002 0.134 0.022 0.075 0.095
15.2 0.067 0.002
15.3 0.002 0.01 0.002
16 0.206 0.007 0.132 0.06 0.129 0.172 0.017 0.256 0.027 0.012 0.05 0.236
16.2 0.05
16.3 0.047
17 0.032 0.142 0.097 0.005 0.072 0.052 0.122 0.199 0.015 0.002 0.075 0.276
17.3 0.005 0.06
18 0.002 0.234 0.07 0.012 0.007 0.134 0.132 0.015 0.037 0.184
18.3 0.002 0.015
19 0.002 0.137 0.055 0.005 0.002 0.162 0.015 0.052 0.022 0.095
19.2 0.005
19.3 0.005
20 0.117 0.03 0.005 0.129 0.117 0.015 0.022
20.2 0.005
20.3 0.002
21 0.134 0.007 0.002 0.032 0.142 0.002 0.005
21.2 0.025
22 0.092 0.005 0.052 0.159
22.2 0.025
23 0.077 0.002 0.159 0.159 0.002
23.2 0.005
24 0.027 0.087 0.139
24.2 0.002
25 0.007 0.072 0.109
26 0.002 0.002 0.015 0.035
27 0.002 0.017 0.002 0.002
28 0.134 0.002
29 0.211
30 0.152
30.2 0.032
31 0.057
31.2 0.132
32 0.017
32.2 0.189
33.2 0.045
34.2 0.005
35.2 0.002

Locus histograms

CSF1PO

D10S1248

D12S391

D13S317

D16S539

D18S51

D19S433

D1S1656

D21S11

D22S1045

D2S1338

D2S441

D3S1358

D5S818

D7S820

D8S1179

FGA

Penta D

Penta E

TH01

TPOX

vWA