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Balti, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan

Study statistics

Loci
22 Autosomal STRs
Allele type
Unknown
Sample size
200
Location
Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan
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Bibliographic information

Date published
Nov. 1, 2022
Title
Genetic Data of 22 Autosomal STR Loci in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Gilgit Baltistan Population of Pakistan Using PowerPlex® Fusion System
Authors
Muhammad Shafique, Namra Sajid, Yasir Aziz, Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Shahzad, Abida Shehzadi, Saliha Bashir, Shakeela Daud, and Ahmad Ali Shahid
Journal
Legal Medicine
Abstract

In this study we have provided forensic genetic data of 22 autosomal STRs for Pakhtun, Balochi and Balti population of Pakistan in total of 601 samples. Among these loci, Penta E was found the most discriminatory in all groups and allele 15 was observed most frequent at D22S1045 in Balti whereas in other two populations allele 8 was more common at TPOX. The combined power of discrimination, combined power of exclusion and the combined matching probability was calculated as 0.999999999999999999999999998385, 0.999999988089728 and 1.615 × 10-27 respectively. Based on population differentiation test, significant differences were observed when compared with other populations however, phylogenetic analysis revealed close genetic associations among Pakistani Populations.

Forensic parameters

Forensic parameters for each locus as reported by the authors.
Locus # MP PI Hobs Hexp PIC PD PE HWE
CSF1PO - 0.132 2.000 - - 0.679 0.868 0.510 0.499
D10S1248 - 0.098 2.000 - - 0.722 0.902 0.510 0.311
D12S391 - 0.048 2.703 - - 0.820 0.952 0.627 0.016
D13S317 - 0.074 2.083 - - 0.760 0.926 0.527 0.791
D16S539 - 0.084 2.564 - - 0.757 0.916 0.608 0.257
D18S51 - 0.038 2.564 - - 0.843 0.962 0.608 0.197
D19S433 - 0.068 2.326 - - 0.789 0.932 0.572 0.052
D1S1656 - 0.034 3.571 - - 0.861 0.966 0.715 0.047
D21S11 - 0.037 3.226 - - 0.855 0.963 0.685 0.003
D22S1045 - 0.113 1.818 - - 0.693 0.887 0.468 0.534
D2S1338 - 0.031 4.545 - - 0.868 0.970 0.775 0.518
D2S441 - 0.100 2.174 - - 0.723 0.900 0.545 0.937
D3S1358 - 0.085 1.961 - - 0.745 0.915 0.501 0.000
D5S818 - 0.111 1.754 - - 0.685 0.890 0.452 0.761
D7S820 - 0.072 2.326 - - 0.777 0.928 0.572 0.005
D8S1179 - 0.048 2.632 - - 0.821 0.952 0.618 0.146
FGA - 0.040 3.333 - - 0.844 0.960 0.695 0.374
Penta D - 0.066 2.273 - - 0.783 0.934 0.562 0.261
Penta E - 0.019 3.846 - - 0.905 0.982 0.735 0.153
TH01 - 0.068 2.222 - - 0.791 0.932 0.553 0.000
TPOX - 0.153 1.852 - - 0.653 0.847 0.476 0.066
vWA - 0.077 2.222 - - 0.755 0.923 0.553 0.187

Allele frequencies

CSF1PO D10S1248 D12S391 D13S317 D16S539 D18S51 D19S433 D1S1656 D21S11 D22S1045 D2S1338 D2S441 D3S1358 D5S818 D7S820 D8S1179 FGA Penta D Penta E TH01 TPOX vWA
5 0.018 0.025 0.003
6 0.003 0.01 0.013 0.173
7 0.005 0.03 0.003 0.075 0.143 0.01
8 0.148 0.055 0.002 0.013 0.003 0.2 0.008 0.018 0.003 0.1 0.37
9 0.03 0.073 0.143 0.003 0.005 0.01 0.053 0.078 0.015 0.223 0.015 0.283 0.113
9.3 0.205
10 0.233 0.002 0.125 0.125 0.005 0.002 0.013 0.005 0.27 0.01 0.135 0.165 0.15 0.12 0.055 0.003 0.083 0.003
10.3 0.023
11 0.34 0.008 0.27 0.325 0.018 0.012 0.088 0.216 0.353 0.013 0.378 0.27 0.055 0.268 0.145 0.013 0.373
11.3 0.053
12 0.308 0.015 0.3 0.245 0.075 0.067 0.08 0.002 0.003 0.108 0.003 0.308 0.218 0.08 0.208 0.143 0.035 0.045
12.2 0.007
13 0.083 0.195 0.005 0.063 0.093 0.128 0.271 0.158 0.005 0.01 0.045 0.115 0.013 0.255 0.103 0.075 0.023 0.005 0.005
13.1 0.002
13.2 0.032
14 0.28 0.007 0.02 0.015 0.23 0.294 0.088 0.082 0.168 0.068 0.008 0.183 0.03 0.103 0.003 0.088
14.2 0.07
15 0.003 0.318 0.015 0.175 0.109 0.185 0.425 0.035 0.345 0.125 0.015 0.085 0.04
15.2 0.072
15.3 0.018
16 0.143 0.022 0.003 0.153 0.037 0.195 0.122 0.023 0.225 0.12 0.003 0.07 0.27
16.2 0.015
16.3 0.02
17 0.038 0.157 0.095 0.005 0.07 0.137 0.095 0.2 0.008 0.063 0.295
17.3 0.002 0.038
18 0.005 0.303 0.04 0.01 0.007 0.143 0.083 0.003 0.012 0.053 0.193
18.3 0.02 0.025
19 0.127 0.04 0.002 0.16 0.05 0.033 0.085
20 0.09 0.025 0.15 0.095 0.025 0.02
20.2 0.003
21 0.107 0.008 0.023 0.11 0.008 0.003
21.2 0.003
22 0.082 0.05 0.13 0.025
22.2 0.003
23 0.032 0.003 0.148 0.213 0.003
23.2 0.01
24 0.01 0.005 0.1 0.2
24.2 0.02
25 0.017 0.003 0.085 0.115
25.2 0.003
26 0.018 0.035
27 0.015
28 0.148
28.2 0.008
29 0.153
29.2 0.005
30 0.2
30.2 0.023
31 0.07
31.2 0.123
32 0.018
32.2 0.15
33 0.003
33.2 0.048
34.2 0.01
35 0.01
35.1 0.005
36 0.008
36.2 0.003
37 0.003
38 0.003

Locus histograms

CSF1PO

D10S1248

D12S391

D13S317

D16S539

D18S51

D19S433

D1S1656

D21S11

D22S1045

D2S1338

D2S441

D3S1358

D5S818

D7S820

D8S1179

FGA

Penta D

Penta E

TH01

TPOX

vWA